[ 8/August/21 ]
Absolutely – yes.
Evolution requires two things.
It requires a replicator, with variation, and it requires different environments that are to some degree isolated from each other.
You need a source of variation, and you also need variation in the environments available, if there is to be any significant change in any reasonable time.
Without such variation in environments, systems tend to converge to some local minima on the complexity/energetics landscape, and essentially stay there.
So environments, and variation in different environments, have a critical role in the evolution of species.