Almost certainly not.
The evidence for that assertion, biogeography – the distribution of plants and animals.
Rats have only gone to many places with us (as one example, there are thousands of others).
They weren’t there when we got there.
Therefore it seems very unlikely that any sort of wide spread trading civilisation existed previously. A similar argument follows for common weeds, insects, etc.
The argument isn’t 100% proof, and in my mind it is 99% settled. The sorts of things that humans found and destroyed on islands like Australia, Madagascar, New Zealand and Hawaii are fairly strong evidence (I live in New Zealand).
So no – the evidence is very strong, no global trading civilisation prior to recorded history.